Younger women conceal or don't recognize heart attack symptoms

Younger women often do not disclose heart attack symptoms for fear of being labeled hypochondriacs, according to a new study published in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes. Part of the problem is that many heart attack symptoms are not universally recognized as such, author Judith Lichtman, an associate professor of epidemiology at the Yale School of Public Health, told NPR. Women are more likely than men to experience lesser-known symptoms such as nausea and pain down their arms, she said, and better education on the difference between "Hollywood heart attacks" and the real thing is necessary, Lichtman said. Furthermore, she said, "[w]e need to do a better job of empowering women to share their concerns and symptoms." Study abstract (subscription required)