Kindred Healthcare Accelerates Repositioning Strategy Through $187 Million Agreement to Sell 17 Non-Strategic Facilities Outside Integrated Care Markets

Kindred Healthcare, Inc.Richard A. Lechleiter, 502-596-7734Executive Vice President andChief Financial Officer

Kindred Healthcare, Inc. (the “Company” or “Kindred”) (NYSE:KND) today announced that it has signed a definitive agreement to sell 17 non-strategic facilities (the “Facilities”) for $187 million to an affiliate of Vibra Healthcare, LLC (“Vibra”). Each of the Facilities is outside of Kindred’s 21 designated Integrated Care Markets.

The Company expects that the after-tax net proceeds from the transaction, including transaction costs, will approximate $180 million. In the near term, Kindred intends to use the net proceeds to pay down the outstanding balance under its existing revolving credit facility. Over time, these proceeds will be reinvested in the Company’s Integrated Care Markets and used to finance home health and hospice acquisitions. At March 31, 2013, the Company’s borrowings on its revolving credit facility approximated $345 million and its available capacity approximated $400 million.

The Company expects the transaction will be accretive to future earnings as the proceeds are reinvested in its Integrated Care Markets and growing home health and hospice business, Kindred at Home. While the transaction will be dilutive to earnings in 2013, management is maintaining the Company’s core earnings per diluted share guidance range of $1.10 to $1.30 for continuing operations for the full fiscal year.

“We believe that this transaction significantly advances our repositioning strategy, strengthens our financial position and immediately enhances shareholder value. The trading multiple value of these assets is significantly higher than the market currently attributes to our common stock and the substantial after-tax proceeds will be deployed to grow our future earnings. This tax-efficient transaction allows us to sharpen our focus on our Integrated Care Markets, provides further capital to expand our home health and hospice operations and reduces our lease obligations, our most expensive form of debt,” said Paul J. Diaz, Kindred’s Chief Executive Officer.

The Facilities consist of 15 transitional care hospitals (licensed as long-term acute care hospitals) containing 1,052 licensed beds, one inpatient rehabilitation facility containing 44 licensed beds and one skilled nursing facility containing 135 licensed beds. Six of the transitional care hospitals and the one skilled nursing facility are owned facilities. The remaining Facilities are leased. The Facilities generated revenues of approximately $289 million and earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization of approximately $20 million (including the allocation of approximately $9 million of overhead costs) for the year ended December 31, 2012. The Facilities had aggregate rent expense of approximately $14 million for the year ended December 31, 2012.

The transaction is subject to Vibra finalizing its financing for the transaction and to regulatory approvals and other conditions to closing, including but not limited to, the expiration of the waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvement Act of 1976, as amended. Kindred expects to complete the transaction through multiple closings occurring during the third and fourth quarters of 2013 as these conditions are satisfied. In connection with the transaction, the Company expects to record a pretax loss that could approximate $100 million, including a significant write-off of both goodwill and other intangible assets allocable to the disposed operations.

RBC Capital Markets acted as exclusive financial advisor to Kindred on the transaction.

This press release includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. All statements regarding the Company’s expected future financial position, results of operations, cash flows, financing plans, business strategy, budgets, capital expenditures, competitive positions, growth opportunities, plans and objectives of management and statements containing the words such as “anticipate,” “approximate,” “believe,” “plan,” “estimate,” “expect,” “project,” “could,” “should,” “will,” “intend,” “may” and other similar expressions, are forward-looking statements. Statements in this press release concerning the Company’s business outlook or future economic performance, anticipated profitability, revenues, expenses or other financial items, and product or services line growth, together with other statements that are not historical facts, are forward-looking statements that are estimates reflecting the best judgment of the Company based upon currently available information.

Such forward-looking statements are inherently uncertain, and stockholders and other potential investors must recognize that actual results may differ materially from the Company’s expectations as a result of a variety of factors, including, without limitation, those discussed below. Such forward-looking statements are based upon management’s current expectations and include known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which the Company is unable to predict or control, that may cause the Company’s actual results or performance to differ materially from any future results or performance expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. These statements involve risks, uncertainties and other factors discussed below and detailed from time to time in the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

In addition to the factors set forth above, other factors that may affect the Company’s plans, results or stock price include, without limitation, (a) the receipt of all required regulatory approvals and the satisfaction of closing conditions to the transactions discussed above, (b) the impact of healthcare reform, which will initiate significant changes to the United States healthcare system, including potential material changes to the delivery of healthcare services and the reimbursement paid for such services by the government or other third party payors, including reforms resulting from the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Healthcare Education and Reconciliation Act (collectively, the “ACA”) or future deficit reduction measures adopted at the federal or state level. Healthcare reform is affecting each of the Company’s businesses in some manner. Potential future efforts in the U.S. Congress to repeal, amend, modify or retract funding for various aspects of the ACA create additional uncertainty about the ultimate impact of the ACA on the Company and the healthcare industry. Due to the substantial regulatory changes that will need to be implemented by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (“CMS”) and others, and the numerous processes required to implement these reforms, the Company cannot predict which healthcare initiatives will be implemented at the federal or state level, the timing of any such reforms, or the effect such reforms or any other future legislation or regulation will have on the Company’s business, financial position, results of operations and liquidity, (c) the impact of final rules issued by CMS on August 1, 2012 which, among other things, will reduce Medicare reimbursement to the Company’s transitional care (“TC”) hospitals in 2013 and beyond by imposing a budget neutrality adjustment and modifying the short-stay outlier rules, (d) the impact of final rules issued by CMS on July 29, 2011 which significantly reduced Medicare reimbursement to the Company’s nursing centers and changed payments for the provision of group therapy services effective October 1, 2011, (e) the impact of the Budget Control Act of 2011 (as amended by the Taxpayer Relief Act) which will automatically reduce federal spending by approximately $1.2 trillion split evenly between domestic and defense spending. The automatic 2% reduction on each claim submitted to Medicare began on April 1, 2013, (f) the impact of the Taxpayer Relief Act which, among other things, reduces Medicare payments by 50% for subsequent procedures when multiple therapy services are provided on the same day. At this time, the Company believes that the new rules related to multiple therapy services will reduce the Company’s Medicare revenues by $25 million to $30 million on an annual basis, (g) changes in the reimbursement rates or the methods or timing of payment from third party payors, including commercial payors and the Medicare and Medicaid programs, changes arising from and related to the Medicare prospective payment system for long-term acute care (“LTAC”) hospitals, including potential changes in the Medicare payment rules, the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003, and changes in Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement for the Company’s TC hospitals, nursing centers, inpatient rehabilitation hospitals and home health and hospice operations, and the expiration of the Medicare Part B therapy cap exception process, (h) the effects of additional legislative changes and government regulations, interpretation of regulations and changes in the nature and enforcement of regulations governing the healthcare industry, (i) the ability of the Company’s hospitals to adjust to potential LTAC certification and medical necessity reviews, (j) the impact of the Company’s significantly increased levels of indebtedness as a result of the RehabCare Group, Inc. acquisition on the Company’s funding costs, operating flexibility and ability to fund ongoing operations, development capital expenditures or other strategic acquisitions with additional borrowings, (k) the Company’s ability to successfully pursue its development activities, including through acquisitions, and successfully integrate new operations, including the realization of anticipated revenues, economies of scale, cost savings and productivity gains associated with such operations, as and when planned, including the potential impact of unanticipated issues, expenses and liabilities associated with those activities, (l) the failure of the Company’s facilities to meet applicable licensure and certification requirements, (m) the further consolidation and cost containment efforts of managed care organizations and other third party payors, (n) the Company’s ability to meet its rental and debt service obligations, (o) the Company’s ability to operate pursuant to the terms of its debt obligations, and comply with its covenants thereunder, and its ability to operate pursuant to its master lease agreements with Ventas, Inc., (p) the condition of the financial markets, including volatility and weakness in the equity, capital and credit markets, which could limit the availability and terms of debt and equity financing sources to fund the requirements of the Company’s businesses, or which could negatively impact the Company’s investment portfolio, (q) national and regional economic, financial, business and political conditions, including their effect on the availability and cost of labor, credit, materials and other services, (r) the Company’s ability to control costs, particularly labor and employee benefit costs, (s) increased operating costs due to shortages in qualified nurses, therapists and other healthcare personnel, (t) the Company’s ability to attract and retain key executives and other healthcare personnel, (u) the increase in the costs of defending and insuring against alleged professional liability and other claims and the Company’s ability to predict the estimated costs related to such claims, including the impact of differences in actuarial assumptions and estimates compared to eventual outcomes, (v) the Company’s ability to successfully reduce (by divestiture of operations or otherwise) its exposure to professional liability and other claims, (w) the Company’s ability to successfully dispose of unprofitable facilities, (x) events or circumstances which could result in the impairment of an asset or other charges, such as the impact of Medicare reimbursement regulations that resulted in the Company recording significant impairment charges in 2012 and 2011, (y) changes in generally accepted accounting principles or practices, and changes in tax accounting or tax laws (or authoritative interpretations relating to any of these matters), and (z) the Company’s ability to maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting. Many of these factors are beyond the Company’s control. The Company cautions investors that any forward-looking statements made by the Company are not guarantees of future performance. The Company disclaims any obligation to update any such factors or to announce publicly the results of any revisions to any of the forward-looking statements to reflect future events or developments.

Kindred Healthcare, Inc., a top-125 private employer in the United States, is a FORTUNE 500 healthcare services company based in Louisville, Kentucky with annual revenues of $6 billion and approximately 78,000 employees in 46 states. At December 31, 2012, Kindred through its subsidiaries provided healthcare services in 2,203 locations, including 116 transitional care hospitals, six inpatient rehabilitation hospitals, 223 nursing and rehabilitation centers, 27 sub-acute units, 101 Kindred at Home hospice, home health and non-medical home care locations, 105 inpatient rehabilitation units (hospital-based) and a contract rehabilitation services business, RehabCare, which served 1,625 non-affiliated facilities. Ranked as one of Fortune magazine’s Most Admired Healthcare Companies for five years in a row, Kindred’s mission is to promote healing, provide hope, preserve dignity and produce value for each patient, resident, family member, customer, employee and shareholder we serve. For more information, go to .

Vibra Healthcare, LLC is a specialty hospital provider based in Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania that is focused on the development, acquisition and operation of freestanding Long Term Acute Care (LTAC) hospitals, Inpatient Acute Medical Rehabilitation Hospitals (IRF’s) and outpatient physical rehabilitation centers. Teams of highly trained specialists lead clinical programs at Vibra’s specialty hospitals for medically complex patients who suffer from complex orthopedic, neurologic, stroke, multiple trauma, cardiac and respiratory conditions. Vibra currently employs over 5,000 employees and owns and operates over 50 specialty hospitals and outpatient rehabilitation locations in 12 states. For additional information about Vibra Healthcare and its network of specialty hospitals please visit our website at .